HEAVY METALS IN WATER AND SEDIMENT FROM LIWAGU RIVER AND MANSAHABAN RIVER AT RANAU SABAH
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Geosciences (MJG)
Author: Rohana Tair, Sheyron Eduin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The Liwagu River is one of the most reliable river systems in Ranau which had experienced a mudflows event due to massive landslide of Mount Kinabalu. The aim of this study is to determine the water quality and compare the level of heavy metals in water and sediment of the Liwagu River and a non-impacted mudflows of Mansahaban River. Water and sediment were collected from four sampling stations on each river. Water samples were filtered with 0.45 μm membrane filter and acidified to pH<2 and conducted by means of ICP-OES while AAS was used for sediment analysis prior to aqua regia digestion method for the determination of five heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn). The Paired T-test shows that there were significant different between impacted and non-impacted river especially for turbidity, conductivity, temperature, Cuw, Crw, Znw, Cds, Crs and Cus, (P<0.05). Liwagu River shows the Cu concentration in sediment and water were exceeded the Guideline for the Protection and Management of Aquatic Sediment quality in Ontario and Interim National Water Quality Standards (INWQS): >110 mg/kg and >0.02 mg/L, respectively. The correlations coefficient shows that there were significant relationship between heavy metals in water and sediment from Liwagu and Mansahaban River (0.413<r<0.888, p<0.05). For conclusion, the quality of water from both river are fairly the same but not for the sediment. However, further in depth investigation is needed to identify a wider perspective towards the behavior of heavy metals prior to mudflows event in Ranau, North Borneo of Malaysia.