Microfacies and Diagenetic Analysis of Lockhart Limestone, Shah Alla Ditta Area Islamabad, Pakistan
Journal: Pakistan Journa l of Geology (PJG)
Author:Zeeshan Khattak, Mumtaz Ali Khan, Zain ur Rahman, Muhammad Ishfaque, Muhammad Yasin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The Larger Foraminifera made a major contribution to Paleocene and Eocene biota. The microfacies and diagenetic setting of the Paleocene Lockhart Formation were analyzed in Shah Alla Ditta area, Islamabad. The Lockhart Formation is highly fossiliferous, comprising of thin nodular limestone with interbedded shale/marl. The lower contact is unconformable with Jurassic Samansuk formation while the upper contact is conformable with Margalla Hill Limestone. Rock samples were collected from the field and thin sections were prepared and analyzed under the microscope and on the basis of detailed petrographic study three types of microfacies were identified and interpreted based on Dunham’s textural classification, allochem type, fossil content and sedimentary structures. The microfacies include: LH-MF 1: Foraminiferal Wackestone/Biomicrite Microfacies, LH-MF 2: Algal Foraminiferal Wackestone Microfacies, LH-MF 3: Mixed Bioclastic Mudstone Microfacies. A number of larger benthic foraminifera, and the lack of Planktonic foraminifera in the Lockhart Limestone, indicate shallow to deep water of restricted inner to middle shelf environment of deposition. Larger foraminifera and dasycladacena algae are the two major fossil contents present in the Lockhart Formation. Larger foraminiferal species like Lockhartia hameii and Lockhartia conditi present in the formation confirm the age of Lockhart Limestone as Paleocene. The main diagenetic fabric recognized in the limestone reveals mechanical and chemical compaction, deep burial water pressure, pressure solution and tectonics-related fracturing. The nodularity in the limestone is credited to pressure solution.